F-Projekte

Fortgeschrittenen-Projekte werden in Gruppen bearbeitet, die von Lehrenden betreut werden, wobei im Gegensatz zum Anfäger-Projekt der Schwerpunkt auf eigenverantwortlicher Arbeit liegt. Neben der fachlichen Qualifikation können die Studierenden Schlüsselkompetenzen der Gruppenarbeit wie Koordination von Arbeitsabläufen, Präsentation, Moderation und Diskussion, Protokollführung, Konsensbildung und Konfliktregelung vertiefend erlernen.

 

F 06 Smart Resilience Hai Phong


Supervisors

Prof. Dr. Nguyen Xuan Thinh,
M.Sc. Mathias Schaefer, M.Sc. Michaela Lödige

Duration

10/2019-07/2020

 

 

Insights

With the largest port in North Vietnam, the coastal city of Hai Phong plays a major role for the regional and national economy. Around 2 million inhabitants are frequently exposed to storms and typhoons, accompanied by heavy rainfalls. In the event of a typhoon, ships have to return to shore and thousands of people have to be evacuated due to breaches of sea dykes and flooded roads. Due to its geographic localization in a typhoon corridor, Hai Phong has to cope with such a security scenario at least once a year. For instance, typhoon „Damrey“ striked the city on 27th of September 2005 with a wind speed of up to 150 km/h and caused serious damages to sea dykes, while 50 people died and about 300.000 people were evacuated from the coastal region, making it the largest evacuation operation so far.

In current debates on climate change and extreme weather events, politicians and scientists frequently use the term “resilience” in the context of spatial planning and extreme weather events. In general, resilience describes the ability of a system (e.g. a city) to adapt both reactively and proactively to changing environmental conditions and to recover quickly from the negative consequences of external shocks like extreme weather events. However, in Hai Phong such events often cause total breakdown to critical infrastructures like ports, major transport axes as well as power and communication networks. Therefore, Hai Phong urgently needs an intelligent adaptation concept which accounts for the topic of climate resilience in detail.

The overall research aim of the project is to find out, which infrastructures or areas in Hai Phong are particularly prone to natural hazards. By defining measurable indicators that can be applied to a city and its subsystems (e.g. environment, economy, infrastructure, society) the specific resilience capacity can be evaluated with appropriate scientific methods like Multi Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA). By calculating and combining a priori defined indicators in a Geographic Information System (GIS), the resilience capacity of critical infrastructures to extreme weather events in Hai Phong will be quantitatively assessed and visualized through maps and figures. For this purpose, the F-Project “Smart Resilience Hai Phong” mainly refers to existing and freely available data, primarily digital satellite images and 3D Digital Elevation Models (DEM). The GIS- and remote sensing based detection of possible vulnerabilities can be used to identify hot- and coldspots for new and innovative improvements like detailed adaptation strategies or early warning recommendations. Another fundamental part of the project is the Smart-City concept, which will be brought in line with the current urban planning policy of strengthening the development of Smart Cities in Vietnam as well as the resilience concept. In this context, digital story maps by ESRI (Environmental Systems Research Institute) are providing a contemporary and internationally comprehensible means of online communication to make newly gained knowledge and data available to the general public.

In order to perform an accuracy assessment of the prior digital satellite image analysis as well as to gain important local experience of the study area, an excursion and field work in Vietnam is a mandatory part of the F-Project. The practical handling of the Leica Zeno 20 GPS/GNSS handheld computer for high-precision measurement of point geodata for accuracy assessment will be intensively trained for field research in Hai Phong. Interviews with local stakeholders should provide further information and feedback for essential indicators. The excursion will extend over 10 days and take place in March 2020 in close cooperation with Vietnamese students and professors of the Haiphong University.

At the beginning of the winter semester 2019/20, the German language will be used for internal communication in order to quickly implement basic terms and to develop a theoretical framework in accordance with the planned schedule. At later stages of the project work, the English language will be used to improve language competence and english academic writing skills. Students who participate in the project, will gain new important skills in the following fields:

– GIS-based multi-criteria-decision-analysis

– Knowledge about the terms resilience and smart city

– Digital Satellite-based remote sensing techniques

– Planning and implementation of field researches

– Digital storytelling and data management

 

F 03 Healthy cities and urban development promoting public health

Subject

Healthy cities and urban development promoting public health – one inventory and comparison study as well as measures and strategies for the metropolis Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam

Supervisors

Prof. Dr. Nguyen Xuan Thinh,

M. Sc. Florian Spieß, M. Sc. Mathias Schaefer

Duration

10/2017-07/2018

Cooperation partners

Faculty of the Environmental Sciences and the Research Center for Environmental Monitoring and Modelling (CEMM) of the Hanoi University of Sciences, Faculty of Geography of the University of Social Sciences and Humanities in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam Institute for Urban and Rural Planning (VIUP), Vietnam Institute of Meteorology, Hydrology and Climate Change (IMHEN)

Insights

Livable and healthy cities are a core aim of sustainable spatial development. Despite this fact, planning for health-promoting urban regions has not been addressed in the Vietnamese spatial planning yet. As Vietnam is strongly exposed to climate, there is urgent need of effective measures for shaping cities for health. Urban planning promoting public health is an entirely new and urgent focus in the sustainable urban development in Vietnam. In this context, the project aims to work on an inventory and a comparison study about urban health as well as strategies for the healthy development in the metropolis Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City. During the research stay of the Department RIM in Vietnam in March 2017, agreements about support from and collaboration with the Vietnam Institute for Urban and Rural Planning (VIUP), the Vietnam Institute of Meteorology, Hydrology and Climate Change (IMHEN), the Faculty of the Environmental Sciences and the Research Center for Environmental Monitoring and Modelling (CEMM) of the Hanoi University of Sciences as well as the Faculty of Geography of the University of Social Sciences and Humanities in Ho Chi Minh City, have been made for this project.

The metropolises Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City suffer from extreme environmental pollution including high air pollution, extreme heat, high noise nuisance, high waste accumulation, overuse of surface water and groundwater, soil and water contamination, high discharge of untreated waste water into the environment – all these issues are accompanied and exacerbated by environmental accidents and flooding. International practices of health-promoting urban planning provide strategies and measures which can be transferred to Vietnam in an innovative way. This project aims to contribute to this process and provide new impulses for health-promoting urban planning in Vietnam. The project focuses on the following question: How can urban development planning significantly influence development of healthy metropolises? The Department of Spatial Information Management and Modelling has arranged cooperation with Vietnamese Partners during a research trip to Vietnam in March 2017: Vietnam Institute for Urban and Rural Planning (VIUP), Vietnam Institute of Meteorology, Hydrology and climate Change, Faculty of Environmental Sciences and the Research Center for Environmental Monitoring and Modelling (CEMM) of the Hanoi University of Sciences, and Faculty of Geography of the University of Social Sciences and Humanities in Ho Chi Minh City. VIUP is the Vietnamese counterpart to the German Federal Office for Building and Regional Planning (BBR). Participating students of School of Spatial Planning will develop general possibilities and concrete recommendations for a healthy urban development. The study trip and field research in Vietnam from 12.03.2018 until 23.03.2018 is an integral part of this project.

The project will start in German language at the beginning of winter semester 2017 in order to work out fundamental terms and definitions in both German and English, theoretical concepts as basis for the Project and a work program in due time. After a while, the project will switch to English for further enhancing of language skills. The reports have to be written in English.

Participation in this project offers students a deep insight into a current field of action in spatial planning ‘health-promoting urban development’, the current research field of metropolitan research ‘urban health’ and Vietnamese planning system. Students will get in touch with Vietnamese culture and the density and urbanity of the two most important metropolises in Vietnam through the study trip. Participants will gain competences and experience in GIS analysis methods, mobile GIS, development of urban health indicators and urban health profiles as well as methods of multi criteria analysis. During the field trips in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, the project will exercise the use of measurement devices and mobile GIS devices, especially of the Handheld Computers Leica Zeno 20 GPS/GNSS for high-resolution recording of point, line and polygon geodata. The project can rely on a comprehensive collection of literature, maps and geodata of Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City which the Department of Spatial Information Management and Modelling has generated in prior research and projects.

Selected References

Barton, H. (2009): Land use planning and health and well-being. Land Use Policy, 115-S123.

Baumgart, S. (2014): Planung für gesundheitsfördernde Stadtregionen – ein Bericht aus dem Arbeitskreis der Akademie für Raumforschung und Landesplanung (ARL). Umwelt und Mensch – Informationsdienst (UMID), UMID 2-2014, S. 11-15.

Bär, G. (2014): Gesundheitsförderung lokal verorten Räumliche Dimensionen und zeitliche Verläufe des WHO-Setting-Ansatzes im Quartier. Springer VS.

Flacke, J.; Köckler, H. (2015): Spatial urban health equity indicators – a framework-based approach supporting spatial decision making. WIT Transactions on Ecology and The Environment 193, 365-376.

Flacke, J.; Schüle, S. A.; Köckler, H.; Bolte, G. (2016): Mapping Environmental Inequalities Relevant for Health for Informing Urban Planning Interventions. A Case Study in the City of Dortmund, Germany. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 13 (7), 711.

Institut für Public Health und Pflegeforschung (IPP) (2014): Gesundheit im urbanen Raum. IPP Info, Newsletter des IPP Bremen.

Jackson, L. E. (2003): The relationship of urban design to human health and condition. Landscape and Urban Planning 64, 191-200.

Köckler, H.; Blättner, B.; Bolte, G.; Flacke, J.; Rüdiger, A.; Baumgart, S. (2014): Gesundheitsfördernde Stadtentwicklung für alle: Gemeinsam den Bestand entwickeln. Umwelt und Mensch – Informationsdienst (UMID), UMID 2-2014, S. 24-29.

Köckler, H.; Flacke, J. (2013): Health-related inequalities in the global north and south – A framework for spatially explicit environmental justice indicators. 14th N-AERUS Conference, 12th to 14th September 2013, Enschede, Netherlands.

Shrestha, R.; Flacke, J.; Martinez, J.; van Maarseveen, M. (2016): Environmental Health Related Socio-Spatial Inequalities: Identifying “Hotspots” of Environmental Burdens and Social Vulnerability. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 13 (7).

Wolch, R. J.; Byrne, J.; Newell, J. P. (2014): Urban green space, public health, and environmental justice: The challenge of making cities ‚just green enough‘. Landscape and Urban Planning 125, 234-244.

World Health Organization (WHO) (1997): Twenty Steps for Developing a Healthy Cities Project. 3rd Edition.

World Health Organization (WHO) (2000): Regional Guidelines for Developing a Health Cities Project.